We're totally transfixed by this gorgeous Pakistani green fluorite. Did you know? The ancient Chinese and Egyptian civilizations used fluorite in carvings. And today, some believe fluorite to be a spiritual stone that helps calm the spirit and mind. Add this beautiful green gem to your collection today!
Named for its locale, Braldu Fluorite's bright apple to toffee apple greens and attractive glassy luster define its distinctive beauty. The major value determinants for Braldu Fluorite are color and cutting quality. Of all of fluorite's bright, rich colors, Braldu Fluorite's striking greens are highly desirable. Due to its hardness and octahedral (four-sided) cleavage, Braldu Fluorite is a challenging gemstone to facet and polish. Optimal lapidary with an eye-clean clarity, the highest quality clarity grade for colored gemstones, is the secret to unlocking the beauty of Braldu Fluorite. Limited in this quality, Braldu Fluorite's key quality considerations are even bright greens, good brilliance and an attractive luster. Some Braldu Fluorite will exhibit blue or purple fluorescence under longwave ultraviolet light.
Fluorite's name is derived from the Latin 'fluere', meaning to flow. Coming in a huge array of colors, fluorite is known as the 'world's most colorful gemstone'. Fluorite crosses the entire spectrum of colors, from amethyst purples to crimson reds, Paraíba blues to emerald greens and bright oranges to lemon yellows. Fluorite, from which we get the word 'fluorescent', is arguably the most famous fluorescent gemstone.
While fluorite is found in many countries, Brazil, China, India, Madagascar and Pakistan are the premiere gem-quality sources. Displaying an exceedingly rare color with an excellent clarity, Braldu Fluorite is from a deposit near the village of Apo Ali Gun in the Braldu Valley (Skardu District) of Baltistan in northern Pakistan. This deposit was first reported in 2006. Only recently faceted for a larger market, Braldu Fluorite's attractive colors command higher prices due to their comparative rarity.
Braldu Fluorite has a Mohs' Hardness rating of 4.0 and should be worn and stored carefully to avoid scuffs and scratches. Clean with gentle soap and lukewarm water, scrubbing behind the gem with a very soft toothbrush as necessary. After cleaning, pat dry with a soft towel or chamois cloth.
As gem mines are becoming more and more depleted, gemstones of all types are becoming increasingly sought-after. Whether you are a collector or a first-time buyer, you will be amazed by the timeless glamor loose gems have to offer! They are fun to collect and look spectacular no matter how you display them. You can make an appointment with your jeweler to experience the joy of creating your very own, one-of-a-kind design. Choose from a variety of settings and styles to create a completely unique presentation that's sprung from your own imagination. Or display your loose gems under glass, showcasing rare and vibrant stones in an artistic and sophisticated manner. No matter how they're displayed, loose gemstones are brilliant collectibles for gem lovers and avid collectors alike!
All weights pertaining to gemstones, including diamonds, are minimum weights. Additionally, please note that many gemstones are treated to enhance their beauty. View Gemstone Enhancements and Special Care Requirements for important information.
Cut: Refers to the geometric shape and proportions of a gemstone. A gemstone’s cut is what most directly affects its sparkle or brilliance.
Facet: A flat cut on the surface of a gemstone.
Fire: Flashes of rainbow colors. Also called “dispersion.”
Hardness: Resistance to scratching. The higher the number, the more resistant.
Hue: Another word for color.
Luster: The shininess of a jewel.
Opaque: The opposite of transparent. Light cannot pass through an opaque gemstone, therefore they do not have any sparkle or fire.
Saturation: This term refers to how pure or deep a gemstone’s color is. Some gemstones, like aquamarine, have a naturally low saturation (very light blue) while other gemstones, like amethysts, can have very high saturation (rich, dark purple).
Sparkle: The white light leaving a jewel, traveling upward, which is visible to the eye. Sparkle is often referred to as “brilliance.”
Toughness: Resistance to breakage.
Gemstone Shapes & Cuts
These are the common shapes or cuts for gemstones, each lending a different look and allure.
Baguette: Baguette means “stick” or “rod” in French, which makes it a very appropriate name for this gemstone shape. Diamond baguettes are often used as accent stones to flank a primary stone.
Brilliant: Any gemstone cut with 58 facets, which produces the maximum possible sparkle. A brilliant cut can have several shapes, including round, oval, pear, radiant and heart.
Cabochon: This shape features a rounded, perfectly smooth surface instead of facets. It is the oldest gemstone shape and is commonly used with opaque stones such as opal, jade and turquoise.
Cushion: A very popular style for most of the 19th century, cushion shapes are slightly domed with rounded corners that make the stone look like a pillow. In fact, this shape is often referred to as a “pillow cut.” It looks particularly beautiful in candlelight.
Emerald: With its long, steep facets, emerald cuts tend to flash rather than sparkle.
Fancy: Technically, this term refers to any type of gemstone that isn’t round, but many jewelers reserve it to describe the more exotic gemstone shapes such as marquise, heart, pear and trillion.
Heart: Often described as a custom cut, heart-shaped gemstones are very popular for pendants.
Marquise: According to legend, this shape was commissioned by King Louis XV to resemble the smile of his mistress, Marquise de Pompadour. Ideal marquise cuts have a length to width ratio of 2:1.
Oval: Similar to the round shape, oval gemstones produce a high amount of sparkle and fire.
Pear: This is a classic teardrop shape that is ideal for earrings and pendants.
Princess: This a relatively new shape that combines the sharp, flat edges of an emerald shape with numerous small facets, which produce both sparkle and fire.
Radiant: This shape is similar to emerald, but it adds extra facets on the edges and corners to increase the gemstone’s sparkle.
Round: This classic shape produces maximum sparkle and fire, making it an ideal shape for diamonds.
Tapered Baguette: A tapered baguette is a baguette shape with one end that is narrower than the other.
Trillion: A very striking, usually three-sided shape, trillion gemstones (especially diamonds) are celebrated for the intense fire they produce.
The Mohs Scale
The most common measure of a gemstone's degree of hardness is based on the Mohs Scale. Devised by German geologist Friedrich Mohs in 1812, the Mohs Scale grades minerals on a comparative scale from 1 (very soft) to 10 (very hard).
Hardness is generally associated with durability and the ability to resist breakage. When referring to gemstones, however, hardness more accurately means the stone's ability to resist abrasion. What the scale means is that a mineral of a given hardness rating will scratch other minerals of the same rating, as well as any minerals of a lower hardness rating. For example, rubies and sapphires, which are composed of the mineral corundum and have a Mohs rating of 9, will scratch each other, as well as topaz (rating 8) and quartz (rating 7). But they will not scratch diamonds, which are rated 10 and considered the hardest substance.
The numeric values assigned to each interval of hardness are not equal. Some stones are disproportionately harder than others. Because Mohs Scale wasn't made for exact precision, it uses half numbers for in-between hardness ratings.
Fluorite earns the reputation as the most colorful mineral in the world. A rich purple color is its most famous and popular color, but its range of colors can be extremely variable with hues of blue, green, yellow, colorless, brown, red, pink, black and reddish orange. Intermediate pastels are also possible. Fluorite’s colorless variety is a rare find that makes it highly sought-after by collectors. Its brown variety features a distinctive iridescence and the more rare colors of rose and black are very attractive and in high demand. Most fluorites have a single color, but some have multiple colors that are arranged in bands or zones corresponding to the shapes of their crystals. A single crystal of fluorite could potentially have four or five different colors. Prized for its glassy luster, its crystals range from transparent to translucent.
Fluorite is strongly fluorescent with extremely variable colors. Typically it fluoresces blue or violet, but other fluorescent colors include yellow, green, red and white. It has a hardness of 4.0 on the Mohs Scale and has been known to fade in the sunlight. The mineral is found throughout the world, including Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Morocco, South Africa, Europe, Mongolia, China and Russia. In the United States, the states in the Mississippi Valley, especially Illinois, Kentucky and Ohio, have historically contained the largest deposits, but Colorado also has ample deposits of fluorite, as well.
The word fluorite comes from the Latin word meaning “to flow.” For centuries, the ancient Egyptians and Chinese used fluorite in carvings. Carved ornaments were even recovered from the ruins of Pompeii. Fluorite today is believed to be a spiritual stone that excels at calming the spirit and mind. Used as flux in the smelting of metallic ores , fluorite was originally referred to as “fluorspar” by miners and is still called that today.