Dino what? Dinogems are beautiful, rare earth-toned gemstones, fossilized from, who else, but the dinosaurs, or course! Hailing from Arizona, Dinogem is highly collectible, providing a unique, almost magical window on our planet’s past. This multi colored beauty is perfect for a history or nature buff.
A preserved remnant from the mists of time, dinogem is the fossilized bone of Tyrannosaurus rex. The major value determinants for dinogem are color (intensity, brightness and number), durability, cell size/pattern, treatment quality and cutting quality. Gem Adventurer’s dinogem displays rich earthy tones like chocolate, gray, mahogany and mustard with distinctive patterns afforded by dark brown, tan and white webbing. Each gem has its own beautiful patterns, making every dinogem unique and individual. Displaying an excellent luster, dinogem is carefully finished with a superior polish into attractive smooth domes with desirable proportions and symmetry.
Dinogem, or agatized dinosaur bone, can be traced back to dinosaurs that roamed the earth during the Late Jurassic period, around 150 million years ago. Like amber, ammolite and pearl, dinogem is created from a living organism; mineralized dinosaur bone that has been fossilized with precious minerals. The holes (cells) in the bone that were pathways for blood vessels and bone marrow are individually fossilized preserving the actual cell structure of the once living dinosaur. The most frequent and best dinogem has been mineralized with chalcedony quartz, providing a durable, glassy luster.
Highly collectable, gem-quality mineralized dinosaur bone is a rare gemstone in the world. Highly agatized dinogem is mostly found in the Colorado Plateau (USA), Southern Argentina and Chile. Gem Adventurer Dinogem comes from Arizona and is tyrannosaurus rex. First described in 1905, Tyrannosaurus rex was a formidable dinosaur, roaming Western North America during the Late Cretaceous period, or about 66 - 68 million years ago.
Dinogem has a Mohs' Hardness rating of 6.5 – 7.0. Always store dinogem carefully to avoid scuffs and scratches. Clean with gentle soap and lukewarm water, scrubbing behind the gem with a very soft toothbrush as necessary. After cleaning, pat dry with a soft towel or chamois cloth.
All weights pertaining to gemstones, including diamonds, are minimum weights. Additionally, please note that many gemstones are treated to enhance their beauty. View Gemstone Enhancements and Special Care Requirements for important information.
Cut: Refers to the geometric shape and proportions of a gemstone. A gemstone’s cut is what most directly affects its sparkle or brilliance.
Facet: A flat cut on the surface of a gemstone.
Fire: Flashes of rainbow colors. Also called “dispersion.”
Hardness: Resistance to scratching. The higher the number, the more resistant.
Hue: Another word for color.
Luster: The shininess of a jewel.
Opaque: The opposite of transparent. Light cannot pass through an opaque gemstone, therefore they do not have any sparkle or fire.
Saturation: This term refers to how pure or deep a gemstone’s color is. Some gemstones, like aquamarine, have a naturally low saturation (very light blue) while other gemstones, like amethysts, can have very high saturation (rich, dark purple).
Sparkle: The white light leaving a jewel, traveling upward, which is visible to the eye. Sparkle is often referred to as “brilliance.”
Toughness: Resistance to breakage.
Gemstone Shapes & Cuts
These are the common shapes or cuts for gemstones, each lending a different look and allure.
Baguette: Baguette means “stick” or “rod” in French, which makes it a very appropriate name for this gemstone shape. Diamond baguettes are often used as accent stones to flank a primary stone.
Brilliant: Any gemstone cut with 58 facets, which produces the maximum possible sparkle. A brilliant cut can have several shapes, including round, oval, pear, radiant and heart.
Cabochon: This shape features a rounded, perfectly smooth surface instead of facets. It is the oldest gemstone shape and is commonly used with opaque stones such as opal, jade and turquoise.
Cushion: A very popular style for most of the 19th century, cushion shapes are slightly domed with rounded corners that make the stone look like a pillow. In fact, this shape is often referred to as a “pillow cut.” It looks particularly beautiful in candlelight.
Emerald: With its long, steep facets, emerald cuts tend to flash rather than sparkle.
Fancy: Technically, this term refers to any type of gemstone that isn’t round, but many jewelers reserve it to describe the more exotic gemstone shapes such as marquise, heart, pear and trillion.
Heart: Often described as a custom cut, heart-shaped gemstones are very popular for pendants.
Marquise: According to legend, this shape was commissioned by King Louis XV to resemble the smile of his mistress, Marquise de Pompadour. Ideal marquise cuts have a length to width ratio of 2:1.
Oval: Similar to the round shape, oval gemstones produce a high amount of sparkle and fire.
Pear: This is a classic teardrop shape that is ideal for earrings and pendants.
Princess: This a relatively new shape that combines the sharp, flat edges of an emerald shape with numerous small facets, which produce both sparkle and fire.
Radiant: This shape is similar to emerald, but it adds extra facets on the edges and corners to increase the gemstone’s sparkle.
Round: This classic shape produces maximum sparkle and fire, making it an ideal shape for diamonds.
Tapered Baguette: A tapered baguette is a baguette shape with one end that is narrower than the other.
Trillion: A very striking, usually three-sided shape, trillion gemstones (especially diamonds) are celebrated for the intense fire they produce.
The Mohs Scale
The most common measure of a gemstone's degree of hardness is based on the Mohs Scale. Devised by German geologist Friedrich Mohs in 1812, the Mohs Scale grades minerals on a comparative scale from 1 (very soft) to 10 (very hard).
Hardness is generally associated with durability and the ability to resist breakage. When referring to gemstones, however, hardness more accurately means the stone's ability to resist abrasion. What the scale means is that a mineral of a given hardness rating will scratch other minerals of the same rating, as well as any minerals of a lower hardness rating. For example, rubies and sapphires, which are composed of the mineral corundum and have a Mohs rating of 9, will scratch each other, as well as topaz (rating 8) and quartz (rating 7). But they will not scratch diamonds, which are rated 10 and considered the hardest substance.
The numeric values assigned to each interval of hardness are not equal. Some stones are disproportionately harder than others. Because Mohs Scale wasn't made for exact precision, it uses half numbers for in-between hardness ratings.