PLANTING & CARE
1) Dig a hole large enough to give the roots plenty of room, with a few inches of space beyond the root tips and the sides of the hole.
2) Build a mound of soil in the bottom of the hole and spread the roots in a natural position atop the mound. Position the plant so that the previous soil line will be even with ground level. For tree roses, the "knot" at the base of the stem is the "bud union" and it should be at or 2-3" below ground level.
3) Once the plant is positioned at the proper planting depth, begin fill the hole with soil. Work the soil around the roots with your hands. When the hole is half filled, tamp the soil to remove any air pockets. Fill the planting hole with water & let it soak in.
4) Straighten the plant in the hole and finish filling with soil.
5) Form a saucer of soil around the edges of the planting hole and fill it with water. To assist the roots in getting anchored, be sure to stake the tree. This will also maintain upper balance so that the trunk will continue to grow straight.
Never let your new transplants dry out. Especially if grown in containers. Your roses require 1" of rainfall (or equivalent watering) each week. In containers exposed to full sun you will have to water at least every other day during periods of extreme heat-possibly even every day.
Roses are heavy feeders, especially when in active growth and bloom. We recommend feeding with appropriate plant food. Apply at a rate of 5 lbs per 100 square feet of garden. It is also for use on seeded plantings. After the seeds have emerged, broadcast our general purpose over the desired area at above rate and incorporate into the soil.
Roses like a loose soil surface so that water can penetrate easily to their roots. Cultivate just deep enough to keep the soil loose and free of weeds.
Apply a 2-4" layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.
Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with all plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots as soon as you see them. Mulch also assists in keeping weeds down.
Improves the size, quality, and color of blooms and maintains a healthy, happy plant for many years. Remove spent blossoms to promote additional blooming. Pinch or cut-off the blooms when they have faded, but leave as much foliage as possible. Keep the center of any bush open for air circulation by pruning off inner branches and any that are damaged or unsightly.
Add 1 tablespoon of general purpose to the soil in hole and mix thoroughly before planting the transplant. Scratch fertilizer at above rate into surface once they start flowering/fruiting. For existing garden, broadcast around existing plants and incorporate into soil at the above rate. Apply at the beginning of growing season and again when plants start to bear vegetables.
Winterizing is the time to protect plants in the garden after several heavy frosts. In mild zones you can leave tree roses in the ground and/or wrap the plants in straw and cover with burlap for winter protection. If temperatures go below 10°F you should protect an in-ground tree rose by digging on one side until the plant can be pulled over on the ground without breaking root connections with the soil. Then stake the plant to the ground and cover with a winter blanket of soil.
Containerized plants: if you move your containerized plant to an unheated protected area over winter be sure to give it a good watering once every 7 to 10 days. Moving the container to the south side of your foundation will also provide extra winter protection. In some instances this increases plant hardiness by one full planting zone-sometimes two.
As soon as the weather warms up in the spring remove any straw, burlap or soil from in-ground plantings. At the same time be sure to prune off any dead wood. This is also the right time to bring any containerized plant back out into the garden.